2018考研英语二大作文预测及范文(2018考研英语二阅读逐句翻译)缩略图


2018考研英语二大作文预测及范文(2018考研英语二阅读逐句翻译)

???第一部分:作文预测

  大作文图片类型:1. 柱形图; 2. 曲线图、饼形图、统计表格

  预测话题包括:1. 网络类(消费新变化、支付手段新变化等新现象); 2.文化生活类(出国留学人数变化、大学生就业、人口老龄化、影院与观影人数变化) 3. 环境类(交通状况、动物/资源保护等)

 第二部分:部分预测作文范文(划线部分为建议背诵句型,括号内容为可以替换内容)

大作文预测话题一:网络类(消费新变化、支付手段新变化等新现象)

?  from the bar chart given above, we can observe that the way of payment in a certain city of china has experienced a dramatic change in the 3 years from 2015 to 2017. the share of way of payment in cash declined dramatically from 80% in 2015 to 30% in 2017, while taking a look at the statistics of that in wechat and alipay , we can see that it ascended gradually from 20% in 2015 to the maximum at 70% in 2017.

  what exactly contributes to this phenomenon? reasons can be listed as follows: the authorities in developing countries have issued some relevant but preferential policies to protect and promote the development of the new technology,as a result of which is emerging ways of payment. moreover, with the widespread application of the new ways, people in mounting numbers can afford to buy daily commodities which were once deemed impossible. what’s more, as regards their safety, it is under control in organization involved.

  the trend that new ways of payment will occupy the increasing part of our market will remain in the coming years. to keep the market in a splendid state, it is imperative and essential for the authorities concerned to take proper actions to regulate the trading operation and keep a close watch on the consumer market.

 大作文预测话题二:文化生活类(出国留学人数变化、大学生就业、人口老龄化、影院与观影人数变化)

?  as is explicitly demonstrated in the line graph above, the 6 years between 2007 and 2012 have witnessed some remarkable changes with regard to the statistics of chinese students studying abroad. to be concrete, the number of chinese students to pursue a further study in other countries has experienced a steady gain of 50 thousand, from roughly 10 thousand in 2007 to approximately 60 thousand in 2012.

  theoretically speaking, several fundamental driving forces could account for this phenomenon in the graph, with the following three weighing the most from my perspective. previously, with the accelerating pace of the economy and society, parents in mounting numbers have possessed sufficient financial resources, which enables them to afford their children’s higher education in developed countries. simultaneously, we have not failed to notice that, owing to even more desirable education facilities and atmosphere in advanced countries like the united states and british than that in our country, thus it is without wonder that an ocean of students study overseas to equip them with a preferable education. ultimately, so fierce is the competition of the job market that an increasing number of students have inclined to be an overseas returnee to have competitive advantages over others.

? ? ? ? taking what has been has been argued so far into account, we may inevitable conclude that the fashionable trend will continue in the forthcoming future. yet, we should take it rationally. although it is profitable for broadening people’s horizons, it may also lead an extravagant and meaningless life for some people. accordingly, people should treat it rationally. and it is also advisable for the government to pay closer attention to the quality of domestic university education.

  the pie chart above reveals clearly the percentage of graduates’ inclinations for work option. based on the data given above, the proportion of salary and welfare ranks the highest, at approximately 52%, over a half of the total. by contrast, with respect to enterprise scale, promotion opportunity and interpersonal relationship cultivation, the amounts account for only 22%, 18% and 8% respectively.

  the fundamental factors that contribute to this trend may be summarized as follows. first and foremost, due to the strengthening economic growth, price of commodities are witnessing considerable climb increasingly, especially in the metropolitan cities. as a result, graduates need handsome income to sustain their life or even decent one. what’s more, the generous welfare can further secure the quality of life and enable the graduates to fully enjoy their new starting point. consequently, nearly half of the graduates are inclined to view salary and welfare as the prior option in their pursuit of work.

  in view of the arguments discussed above, i firmly believe that such established trend will definitely continue for quite a while in the forthcoming years. accordingly, it is advisable for those enterprises that aspire to recruit qualified applicants to take this into consideration.

 2010年

  人口老龄化

?  as is clearly revealed from the chart, the number of world’s population beyond 60 has experienced great changes during the period from 1980 to 2010. to be concrete, there were over 600 million all over the world in 2010, while the number of china went up to 132 million in the same year, accounting for 10.6% of the total population. apparently, what is behind the increase deserves our careful analysis.

  the graph reflects an extremely grave scenario: the aging population is rocketing all over the world. this phenomenon may bring about a wide spectrum of problems, socially and economically. for one thing, an increasingly massive number of the old people will greatly cause the imbalance of social population fabric. in addition, the society will be overwhelmed with more elder people and they need to gain support from the youngsters as well as from the whole society. therefore, the country at large will be loaded with substantial pressures, and the society will teeter at the verge of instability. last but not least, a lack of adequate labors and talents will also wrought chaos on the economic development. hence the economic growth vigorousness of the whole country will be dragged and even paralyzed.

  given the severity of current situation in terms of the aging population in china and the world at large, some practical countermeasures should be instantly drafted and thoroughly implemented. to begin with, governments of all levels should ease the intensity over its birth control and promote the population fabric. what’s more, a more encompassing social welfare mechanism is expected to formulate so as to assure old people a carefree twilight years. overall, with an effective solution, the catastrophic consequences brought by the aging population will certainly be eluded.

?  from the table given above, we can observe that the box-office revenue of chinese films and americans films demonstrates evident distinctions in 2016. according to the data given, the domestic box-office revenue of chinese films has a large share in china, accounting for 81% of the whole revenue in china. while the domestic box-office revenue of american films in the local market takes away 33.0% of the whole
2018考研英语二大作文预测及范文(2018考研英语二阅读逐句翻译)插图
american film proportion.

  such difference may be rooted in the following reasons. first, chinese film’s main target audiences are those who have solid knowledge of chinese culture and history. hardly can the audience understand the plots without chinese cultural background. second, american film company has a great advantage at distribution and marketing, they know what their audiences really like after doing a series of serious studies.

  taking into account what has been argued, it is no surprise to see this situation. if the chinese film maker makes little or no independent reflections on the film’s production, distribution and marketing, the market share of chinese film will go from bad to worse.

  大作文预测话题三:环境类(交通状况、动物/资源保护等)

  here is a table, telling us an interesting phenomenon. there is no doubt that the table displays accidents in one chinese city. as is clearly depicted, drivers turning left without due care cause the most accidents in this city and the percentage of drivers driving under the influence of alcohol enjoys the biggest rise in 2005. obviously, the difference manifested by the table should be given more concern.

  what might trigger this affair? for one part, the general public have failed to realize the importance of abiding by the traffic regulations and laws (and a big deal of the attention have been distracted by the so-called “great affair”.) once some drivers easily disregard the traffic signals, so do other drivers who intend to obey the laws. moreover, the current state of affairs depicted in the drawing, may have been encouraged, though not justified, by the lack of severe legal penalty.

  it is advisable for us to take steps to reverse this current evil trend. on one hand, we should cultivate the awareness of people .on the other hand, it is high time that more severe and sound laws and regulations should be introduced to harness and curb this matter. only in this way, can we crack the hard nut and embrace a bright future.

  as is seen from the two graphs, it is clear that with the rapid growth of u.s. population from 1800 to 1990, the number of its wildlife species no longer existing soared during the same period. naturally, we can draw the conclusion that the sharp decline of wildlife species resulted from the population growth.

  at least three fundamental factors could contribute to this phenomenon. to begin with, as the population grows, people consume much more natural resources, which often leads to excessive hunting. to continue, with the increase of human activities, modern people take up more and more space, which has an undesirable impact on other species.finally, the problem of pollution becomes more and more serious with the development of modern industry. more and more animals have to adapt themselves to the decaying environment or move to a totally different place, but not all of them are fortunate enough to survive the changes.

  solving this problem calls for, above all, the government’s efforts to control population growth, to decrease industrial pollution and to enhance the laws to forbid wildlife hunting. moreover, common citizens should be aware of this ecological crisis and take on the responsibility of wildlife protection. in a word, only when the government and the common people make joint efforts can we hope to find a satisfactory solution to protect wildlife.

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